Pourers and Casters, Metal
SOC: 51-4052.00


Operate hand-controlled mechanisms to pour and regulate the flow of molten metal into molds to produce castings or ingots.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
9,800 employed

Projected (2024):
7,200 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Aluminum Pourer
  • Billet Header
  • Brass Pourer
  • Buggy Ladle Tender
  • Bull Ladle Tender
  • Busher
  • Caster
  • Caster Operator
  • Casting Machine Operator
  • Die Cast Operator (DCO)
  • Direct Chill Caster (DC Caster)
  • Furnace Operator
  • General Foundry Worker
  • Header
  • Ingot Caster
  • Ingot Header
  • Iron Pourer
  • Ladle Car Operator
  • Ladle Filler
  • Ladle Operator
  • Ladle Pourer
  • Ladle Puller
  • Ladler
  • Lead Caster
  • Lead Pourer
  • Melter
  • Melter - Caster
  • Metal Handler
  • Mold Maker
  • Molten Iron Pourer
  • Pourer
  • Pourer Off
  • Steel Pourer
  • Third Steel Pourer
  • Tin Pourer
  • White Metal Caster

  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed


    Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.


    These occupations usually require a high school diploma.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Chemistry
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Collect samples, or signal workers to sample metal for analysis.
  • Pour and regulate the flow of molten metal into molds and forms to produce ingots or other castings, using ladles or hand-controlled mechanisms.
  • Read temperature gauges and observe color changes, adjusting furnace flames, torches, or electrical heating units as necessary to melt metal to specifications.
  • Examine molds to ensure they are clean, smooth, and properly coated.
  • Position equipment such as ladles, grinding wheels, pouring nozzles, or crucibles, or signal other workers to position equipment.
  • Skim slag or remove excess metal from ingots or equipment, using hand tools, strainers, rakes, or burners, collecting scrap for recycling.
  • Turn valves to circulate water through cores, or spray water on filled molds to cool and solidify metal.
  • Add metal to molds to compensate for shrinkage.
  • Pull levers to lift ladle stoppers and to allow molten steel to flow into ingot molds to specified heights.
  • Load specified amounts of metal and flux into furnaces or clay crucibles.
  • Remove solidified steel or slag from pouring nozzles, using long bars or oxygen burners.
  • Assemble and embed cores in casting frames, using hand tools and equipment.
  • Remove metal ingots or cores from molds, using hand tools, cranes, and chain hoists.
  • Transport metal ingots to storage areas, using forklifts.
  • Stencil identifying information on ingots and pigs, using special hand tools.
  • Repair and maintain metal forms and equipment, using hand tools, sledges, and bars.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Acetylene torches
  • Automatic extractors
  • Automatic ladles
  • Bandsaws
  • Chain falls
  • Cold chamber die casting machines
  • Coordinate measuring machines CMM
  • Deburring tools
  • Depth gauges
  • Dross hoes
  • Electric arc furnaces
  • Electric overhead transfer EOT cranes
  • Electric tilt furnaces
  • Foundry molds
  • Foundry tongs
  • Go/no-go gauges
  • Hand ladles
  • Hand scrapers
  • Handheld pneumatic grinders
  • Heat resistant suits
  • High temperature thermometers
  • Hot chamber die casting machines
  • Jib cranes
  • Lubricant pumpers
  • Lubricant reciprocators
  • Mallets
  • Metal sledgehammers
  • Open-hearth furnaces
  • Oxygen furnaces
  • Power metal shears
  • Precision bench scales
  • Protective ear plugs
  • Protective glasses
  • Slag scrappers
  • Vise-grip pliers
  • Wheeled forklifts
  • Wire brushes
  • Husky Injection Molding Systems Shotscope NX
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Word

  • production

    industry stats

    SOC: 51-0000

    Total Employed: 9,073,290

    Average Annual Salary: $36,220